Factors Limiting IPM-Compatibility of New Disease Control Tactics for Apples in Eastern United States

Fig. 4A. Virus certification programs have effectively protected commercial orchards from virus and virus-like diseases such as dapple apple, a viroid disease that causes uneven fruit coloration (Fig. 4A, shown here), and apple mosaic virus (Fig. 4B).



Image from Plant Health Progress article:
Factors Limiting IPM-Compatibility of New Disease Control Tactics for Apples in Eastern United States