Panama Disease: An Old Nemesis Rears its Ugly Head. Part 1: The Beginnings of the Banana Export Trades

Fig. 17. E. W. Brandes (center), the first person to demonstrate conclusively that "Fusarium cubense" caused Panama disease (figure in ref. 11). In the picture, Brandes discusses sources of natural rubber in South America during World War II when extensive plantations of that crop in Indonesia were controlled by the Japanese. After his Ph.D. work on Panama disease, Brandes became an expert on tropical crops, particularly sugarcane (3,7).



Image from Plant Health Progress article:
Panama Disease: An Old Nemesis Rears its Ugly Head. Part 1: The Beginnings of the Banana Export Trades