Emergence of Single Point Mutation in <i>PvCesA3</i>, Conferring Resistance to CAA Fungicides, in <i>Plasmopara viticola</i> Populations in Japan

Fig. 1. Emergence of mandipropamid-resistant PvCesA3 inPlasmopara viticola. (a) PCR-RFLP assay. White arrowhead indicates non-mutated PvCesA3 and black arrowheads indicate resistant PvCesA3. Numbers at the left indicate positions of DNA size. (b) ASP-PCR assay. White arrow indicates ribosomal RNA gene as internal control, and black arrow indicates resistant PvCesA3. Numbers at the bottom indicate positions of DNA size. (c) DNA sequence analysis. Arrows indicate a single point mutation in the PvCesA3. R, mandipropamid-resistant PvCesA3. S, susceptible PvCesA3.



Image from Plant Health Progress article:
Emergence of Single Point Mutation in PvCesA3, Conferring Resistance to CAA Fungicides, in Plasmopara viticola Populations in Japan