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USDA-APHIS-PPQ: packaging and shipping for soybean rust moved under permit.

Presenter: Roger Magarey, USDA-APHIS
Coauthor(s): Eileen Sutker, USDA-APHIS-PPQ

Packages containing Soybean Rust travel through interstate commerce for research and diagnostic purposes. Mispackaged and damaged packages compromise phytosanitary security, and may result in a shipper rejecting the package. Since the establishment of soybean rust in the southeastern United States, the US Department of Agriculture removed the causal agent, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, from the Select list Agent program. This allows more researchers at various locations to diagnose and study this disease. However, it is a violation of Federal law to ship soybean rust to someone who does not have a permit authorizing receipt of interstate shipments. Movement of plant pests is discussed in detail under the Code of Federal Regulations Title 7, Part 330.200. In general, pests must be shipped in sturdy, escape-proof containers. All infected plant material must be packed inside two, nested 5 mil plastic bags (e.g. a Ziploc freezer-type bag sealed inside another similar bag). Shipment of collected spores is permitted in sealed tubes or vials. These bags, tubes and vials must be surrounded by enough absorbent material to contain their entire contents in case of breakage. Then the bags, tubes and vials must be placed inside a sturdy, sealed, leak-proof metal or wood box or other material of equivalent strength for transport. Non-viable materials including extracted DNA, samples encased inside plastic resins, and killed plant products (such as ethylene oxide treated plant matter or spores) do not need a permit for interstate movement.

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