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Boscalid Insensitivity Documented in Didymella bryoniae Isolated from Watermelon in Florida and North Carolina

K. L. Stevenson, A. P. Keinath, A. Thomas, D. B. Langston, Jr., P. D. Roberts, R. C. Hochmuth, and A. C. Thornton

May 2012

Brief

The fungicide Pristine, a commercial mixture of pyraclostrobin and boscalid, has been used widely on watermelon and other cucurbits to control gummy stem blight, caused by the fungus Didymella bryoniae. Since 2007, isolates of D. bryoniae insensitive to boscalid have been found in Georgia, Indiana, and South Carolina. Most isolates of D. bryoniae obtained in 2009 and 2010 from diseased watermelon leaves collected in several counties in Florida and North Carolina were found to be insensitive to boscalid using in vitro assays. Gummy stem blight would not be effectively managed with Pristine in any of the counties where samples were collected due to the high frequency of insensitivity to boscalid. Fortunately growers can instead use several triazole fungicides registered for use on cucurbits since 2009.

doi:10.1094/PHP-2012-0518-01-BR

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