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Testing for Plant-parasitic Nematodes that Feed on Corn in Iowa 2000-2010

G. L. Tylka, A. J. Sisson, L. C. Jesse, J. Kennicker, and C. C. Marett

December 2011

Research

The Iowa State University Plant and Insect Diagnostic Clinic analyzes soil and root samples for plant-parasitic nematodes. The results of samples associated with corn that were submitted from 2000 through 2010 were summarized. One or more genera of plant-parasitic nematodes were found in 92% of the samples. Spiral nematode and root-lesion nematode were most commonly found. Other nematodes recovered were dagger, lance, needle, pin, ring, and stunt nematodes. Nematodes recovered at damaging population densities were dagger, needle, ring, and spiral nematodes. An average of 15 samples were submitted per year from 2000 to 2004. Sample numbers increased nearly threefold since 2005, but overall sample numbers were low every year from 2000 through 2010. Samples were received from 53 of the 99 Iowa counties, and most samples were received in June and July, which is the recommended sampling time. Nematodes that have been associated with corn in Iowa in the past that were not recovered from the samples were sheath, sting, and stubby-root nematodes. The methods used to extract the nematodes from soil and roots and how the samples were handled during collection and processing may have affected the species and population densities recovered. Much more frequent and widespread sampling is needed in Iowa for plant-parasitic nematodes that feed on corn.

doi:10.1094/PHP-2011-1205-01-RS

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