Posted 5 March 2018. PMN Crop News.
2017 Soybean Stem Canker Inoculated Variety Trial Evaluations
Source: Mississippi State University Extension Article. www.cals.msstate.edu
By Tom Allen, Extension Plant Pathologist, Mississippi State University Extension
Stoneville, Mississippi (November 24, 2017)--All of the entries in the 2017 Mississippi State University Official Variety Trials (OVT) were evaluated for their reaction to the stem canker fungus. In addition, a few varieties (n=19) were added to supplement the trials and obtain information on those particular varieties that were not entered by the respective companies in the MSU-OVT. Trials consisted of single rows of each cultivar planted in 10 foot plots and replicated 4 times. Within each row, a total of 8 plants were inoculated with a single toothpick that contained the fungus that causes stem canker (four isolates of the fungus were used for a fungal cocktail on toothpicks). Plants were inoculated approximately 8 weeks post-planting. Evaluations of stem canker severity were conducted between R6 and R6.5 by observing the stem of each inoculated plant for the presence of a canker. Observations of each variety were conducted using a modified 0-9 scale. Information contained within each table contain the analyzed stem canker rating as an average of all inoculated plants within a single plot. In addition, each cultivar includes a stem canker designation: R=resistant, MR=moderately resistant, MS=moderately susceptible, S=susceptible. In field situations where stem canker has been observed plant cultivars that have been observed to contain resistance to stem canker. In addition, keep in mind that observations of stem canker tend to be more obvious when the environment is conducive for disease development. Therefore, over time, and in years when the environment may not be conducive for the development of stem canker, it is possible that stem canker designations could change between years. Moreover, as additional fungal isolates are added to the collection it is possible that the rating as well as cultivar designation can change accordingly. Please note: The statistical analysis used on these data, a rank transformation prior to the means analysis, may make some values appear skewed. The letter groupings listed after values are for the rank transformed values, but the non-transformed data are presented to present the true mean of the scores assessed in the field.
RoundUp Ready varieties:
• Maturity Group IV Early (2017 Stem canker MG IV early)
• Maturity Group IV Late (2017 Stem canker MG IV late)
• Maturity Group V Early (2017 Stem canker MG V EARLY)
• Maturity Group V Late (2017 Stem canker MG V LATE)
• Maturity Group IV Conventional (2017 Stem canker MG IV CONV)
• Maturity Group V Conventional (2017 Stem canker MG V CONV)
• Maturity Group IV LibertyLink (2017 Stem canker MG IV LL)
• Maturity Group V LibertyLink (2017 Stem canker MG V LL)
This article was published by Mississippi State University Extension. Visit http://www.mississippi-crops.com/2017/11/24/2017-soybean-stem-canker-inoculated-variety-trial-evaluations/ for the original article.