GUIDELINES FOR PUBLICATION IN ARTHROPOD MANAGEMENT TESTS
Arthropod Management Tests (AMT) publishes short reports on preliminary and routine screening tests for management of arthropods that may be beneficial (e.g., parasitoids, predators and diseases of pests, honey bees, silkworm) or harmful (e.g., pests and disease vectors of plants, animals, and humans). Pest management methods reported in this publication may be those using chemical pesticides as well as other materials such as insect growth regulators, semiochemicals (e.g., pheromones, kairomones), traps, bio-control agents, pest-resistant plants and animals.
Manuscript Preparation and Submission
AMT 2006, Volume 31, is an online publication. Please carefully read and follow the instructions below. Failure to do so could result in delaying your report’s time to publication.
Manuscripts of reports should be prepared on a PC, Windows-based computer in MS WORD or WORD PERFECT (6.0 or later versions of each). Use Times (New) Roman font, 12-pt size in double-spaced lines, left justified, with 1-inch margins, for 8.5 by 11-inch paper in ‘Portrait’ orientation. Use the paragraph format menu to specify ‘Double’ spacing, do not use an extra return keystroke. For tables, margins can be varied according to need and, if necessary, ‘Landscape’ orientation can be used on either letter or legal size. See ‘Data Tables’ below for specific instructions on table preparation.
For manuscript preparation, follow the guidelines below for style and format. The ESA Style Guide on the ESA website and a recent volume of AMT should also be consulted for additional guidance. Abbreviations should be used according to the list at the end of these guidelines. Any other abbreviation, if used, should be defined either in the text or in the footnotes to the tables.
Each manuscript should be submitted as ONE printed hardcopy with an electronic copy on a floppy disk (3-1/2 inch), prepared and labeled as instructed below.
The electronic version of a manuscript on the disk should be saved in MS WORD or WordPerfect (6.0 or later version) for Windows. Each disk may contain one or more manuscripts by one first author only for one Section. Manuscripts by different first authors of a team and for different Sections should be on separate disks. If a disk bears two or more manuscripts, they should be in separate files and each file name should include the name of the host plant, animal, or structure studied. Each disk should be labeled as follows, starting from its top edge:
First line: Name of first author of the manuscript(s).
Second line: Section under which the manuscript is to be included.
Third line: Name of host plant/animal/structure studied and number of manuscripts.
If the manuscripts by any first author are on different hosts for the same Section, the names of hosts with corresponding numbers of manuscripts are to be given one below the other.
The manuscripts and floppy disks should be sent by 31 December 2005 to:
AMT Managing Editor
Entomological Society of America
10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 100
Lanham, MD 20706-4876
A transmittal letter should list the titles of the manuscripts submitted. Acknowledgment of receipt of manuscripts will not be issued by ESA. Authors needing such acknowledgments should include their e-mail address with their manuscripts or include a self-addressed stamped envelope, enclosing a duplicate copy of their transmittal memorandum that will be returned to them.
Style and Format
Each manuscript should have two parts, Part I is the main report to be published and Part II is "Materials Tested for Arthropod Management," which is published in a separate section.
Part I. Reports
A report example is provided. Organize each report as follows:
Section: Place the letter that represents the section on the first line of the first page, starting at the top left.
Target host: The common name (in CAPITAL letters) of the host plant or animal should be given first, followed by a colon, then by its scientific name (underlined or italicized) and its authority name (fully spelled out except for L. and F.; include diacritical marks when necessary, e.g., Hübner, Förster, Gueneé). The variety or cultivar names, if to be specified, should be given within single quotes following the authority name after a comma; different variety or cultivar names should be separated by a comma.
Title: The title of a report should be written in capital letters below the ‘host’name. The title should be followed by a comma, then by the year in which the tests were done. The title should be worded to reflect, as much as possible, the nature of the contents of the report. The title should not include names of places where tests were conducted unless the purpose of the tests was to compare the effects of different locations. Using exactly the same title for more than one report by an author should be avoided. However, if it is necessary, then distinguish such reports by adding A, B, C... after the year.
Authors and addresses: List names and addresses starting with the name of the first author in the first line, with a line of space below the title. The succeeding one or more lines should give the mailing address. The last three lines should give the telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address. The names, addresses, telephone, fax, and e-mail addresses of the remaining co-authors should be given in the same manner, if different from the first author, in the succeeding lines, leaving an additional line of space between different authors.
Arthropods tested: On the lines below the authors and addresses are the common names, one per line, of target arthropods tested. Each common name is followed on the same line successively by its abbreviated name within parentheses, a colon, its scientific name (underlined or italicized), and authority name (fully spelled out except for L. and F.). The authors are responsible for verifying and writing scientific names correctly.
Narrative: The narrative should begin one line space after the last arthropod name and should give a clear but succinct description of the following main aspects in more or less the same sequence:
(a) Objective and need for the tests in the opening one or two sentences. (b) Test locations and dates. (c) Experimental design and number of replications, ensuring that untreated checks and, if necessary, treated (standard) checks are included (the term ‘check’ instead of ‘control’ or any other term should be used). (d) Treatment/application methods should be outlined, giving dates of application, formulations of test materials, their concentrations, rates, amounts, etc. These may be given in the narrative if they are brief or, if lengthy, in separate columns in the tables, making a reference to the tables in the narrative. In reports on laboratory bioassays of various test materials, the concentrations, volumes, and doses actually used should be given instead of, or in addition to, the rates per acre. (e) Experimental conditions during the test periods should be mentioned quite briefly, covering such parameters as are likely to have a bearing on the tests; e.g., weather, soil conditions. Routine crop management details are not to be given unless they are an integral part of the tests. (f) Evaluation or assessment of tests should be described in a clear, stepwise manner, giving the dates, sampling procedure, sample size, criteria and parameters used, and the units in which they are expressed. (g) Statistical analysis of the data must be performed; the methods of analysis should be referred to in the narrative and references to the methods given as footnotes in each table; statistical significance between means and probability level for their separation should be shown in each table; standard errors are not to be given. (h) Results of the tests should be highlighted in a separate (last) paragraph, including a comparison of the tested materials with one another and with checks, indicating the most effective or ineffective ones, and giving other significant outcome, if any.
For tests on plant resistance to arthropods, tables of insect damage scores, insect counts, or other pertinent data should be limited to less than 50 entries, if possible, unless data on all these are considered important. Inclusion of a subset of entries from a larger data set are acceptable and may be accompanied by a citation to the complete data set (e.g., as included in the Germplasm Resource Information Network database of the USDA). To facilitate location of tested germplasm by other researchers, use identification numbers for public collections, and identify these collections in the text or in table footnotes. Provide seed company names when reporting on commercial varieties or proprietary lines. In all other cases, list addresses for obtaining the tested germplasm. Entries of plants transformed with genes for Bacillus thuringiensis endotoxins should specify the gene inserted, and the insertion event, if known.
For trials on animal resistance to arthropods, recognized pure-bred animals should be identified, including appropriate breeding associations where animals are registered. Crossbred animals should be identified by the percentage of each breed represented. Commercial breeding farms and semen and embryo banks should be identified.
The entire narrative should not exceed 600 words.
Data tables: Tables also must be double-spaced throughout, including footnotes, and should be after the narrative. Use the paragraph menu to specify ‘Double’ spacing, do not use an extra return keystroke. Set precise tabs to separate columns, using centered tabs for column headings and decimal tabs for numerical values in columns. Do not use the table function in your word processing software or use character spaces to separate columns. Following these instructions will shorten the time to publication by saving time during the typesetting process.
The tables in each report should be numbered consecutively and should be referred to by their numbers in the text. Landscape printing on legal size paper, if necessary, is acceptable for tables. No title is to be given for any table. However, if there is more than one table, they should be numbered consecutively (e.g., Table 1: Test 1., Table 2: Site B.). The first column of a table should be headed ‘Treatment/formulation,’ listing under it the trade names or code names of materials tested and their formulations. In some cases, e.g., laboratory bioassays, the column heading ‘Test materials’ may be appropriate. The second column should give rates of application of test materials and may have headings like ‘Rate-amt/area or volume,’ ‘Rate-amt(AI)/area or volume,’ ‘Rate-amt form/area or volume.’ For laboratory bioassays, give the ‘concentration’ of a test material as well as its ‘volume’ and ‘dose’ actually applied. The next column may be that for ‘Application method’ followed by ‘Application date,’ if necessary. The remaining columns should present the values for various parameters measured, each with a suitable heading or subheading that must name the parameter and the sample unit or size for which the data values are given. Refer to AMT, Volume 28, for table format. The statistical separation of means with its significance level should be shown in each table and briefly explained in an unlettered footnote. For other footnotes, italicized superscript letters should be used. Standard errors or Standard deviations should not be given.
Part II. Materials Tested for Arthropod Management
This part should begin on a separate page with the above heading on the top. Because this part may be separated from the remaining Report, the name, address, telephone, fax number, and e-mail address of the first author should be given below the heading, followed by the title of the Report. Provide a list of the trade or code name, formulation, composition, chemical name, common name and sources of each of the evaluated materials reported in the manuscript. Refer to the Part II. Materials Tested example.
Manuscript Review and Editing
Manuscripts received are assigned by the Editor of Arthropod Management Tests to appropriate Sections. Requests, if any, from the authors for assignment of their manuscripts to specific Sections will be honored if appropriate. The manuscripts will not be subjected to formal peer review but they will be reviewed and edited by Section Editors and by the Editor. The editors reserve the right to reject any manuscript that does not fulfill the requirements stated in these guidelines or that has other deficiencies such as incomplete data, lack of replication, lack of appropriate checks, lack of statistical analysis or information, inconsistency, discrepancy, ambiguity, or other errors and flaws. Because of a tight production schedule, such manuscripts will be returned to the authors after the final editing of all manuscripts is complete. The returned manuscripts may be revised and submitted by the authors for the next volume. The manuscripts that are accepted and finally edited will not be referred to the authors for changes, if any, that are made therein.
Editorial Review Charges
For AMT 2006, Volume 31, editorial charges will be assessed at $48 per PDF page calculated in 1/2 page increments. See the report example for the PDF page size.
Abbreviations should be used wherever possible. The following words and phrases need not be spelled out in reports when they are used in a technical sense (e.g., "6 m2" but "measured in square meters"). Use of SI units and statistical analyses by recognized methods is strongly recommended.
acre, spell out
(AI), active ingredient
ANOVA, analysis of variance
Bacillus thuringiensis, spell out at first mention; abbreviate as Bt
BIU, Billion International Units
°C, degrees centigrade
CRB, completely randomized block
CRD, completely randomized design
D, dust formulation
DAE, days after exposure
DAPE, days after plant emergence
DAT, days after treatment
df, degrees of freedom
DF, dry flowable
DL, dispersal liquid
DMRT, Duncan’s multiple range test
EC, emulsifiable concentrate
EL, emulsion in water
F, F value
°F, degrees Fahrenheit
F, flowable formulation
fl oz, fluid ounce
FP, flowable powder
ft2, square foot
G, granular formulation
gpa, gallons per acre
gpm, gallons per minute
inch, spell out
km2, square kilometers
km/h, kilometers per hour
L, liquid formulation
liter (spell out to avoid confusion)
(L:D), light-dark photoperiod
LD50, median lethal dose
LSD, least significant difference
M, microencapsulated formulation
m2, square meter
mph, miles per hour
NS, not significant
P, P value
psi, pounds per square inch
RCB, randomized complete block
REGWQ, Ryan-Einot-Gabriel-Welsch multiple range test
SP, soluble powder
WP, wettable powder
WD, Waller-Duncan k ratio
WDL, wettable dispersable liquid
WG, wettable granule
WS, wettable solid